Advantages

  1. Environmentally friendly

 

            In conventional farming, farmers pour tons of phosphates and nitrogenous fertilizers on their crops every year.  These chemicals are great for crop production but when it rains these chemicals can make their way into nearby bodies of water through runoff or absorption.  These chemicals provide massive amounts of nutrients into the waters which fuels the growth of algae blooms.  These blooms require large amounts of dissolved oxygen leaving less for the fish and other organisms in the water.  Many times the large algae blooms are accompanied by dead fish on the shorelines.  Organic farming eliminates the use of fertilizers and phosphates thus contributing to the health of our waterways.

            Also, agrichemical farming is extremely energy dependent.  So much energy and fuel goes into the extraction, manufacturing and processing of the chemicals that agrichemical farming is so reliant on.  In addition, it requires large amounts of fuel to apply these chemicals to the crops on conventional farm.  Organic farming is a much more energy friendly alternative.

 

  1. Pesticide-free

 

            Organic farms produce food without health harming pesticides, insecticides and fungicides.  I’m not sure of the effects that these chemicals have on the body but I can imagine that they aren’t beneficial. 

 

  1. Drought resistance

 

            Chemical fertilizer contains soluble salts.  As soon as water becomes limited, the soluble nutrient salts in the cells of chemically fed plants are unable to osmotically draw sufficient water to maintain safe dilution. They soon reach toxic concentrations, and the plant stops growing and eventually die.

 

 

Disadvantages

 

  1. Productivity

 

      Organic farms cannot produce nearly as much crop as an industrialized farm could.  With all the regulations and the techniques that have to be carefully applied it is often difficult for an organic farm to produce enough food to feed massive amounts of people.

  1. Time

 

      Working on an organic farm takes great amounts of time and energy.  In order to meet organic requirements very detailed methods and techniques must be used in order to officially be called an organic farm.  If these requirements are not met the organic farm could lose its certification and not be able to gain it back in up to three years.  With the heavy machinery and fast acting chemicals on industrial farms, massive amounts of food can be produced in a very short amount of time.

 

  1. Skill

 

      Farming organic requires tremendous amounts of skill.  They are not allowed to use the quick chemical fixes that industrial farmers are allowed to use.  Everything has to be done by hand without synthetic aid.  This requires immense amounts of knowledge and experience.  Often times it can be hard to find someone who is experienced in organic farming and it can be strenuous to try and meet all of the organic certification requirements.

 

 

http://www.small-farm-permaculture-and-sustainable-living.com/advantages_and_disadvantages_organic_farming.html

 

 

 

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